Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Hernia

Causes of Hernia

Hernia is most likely not to occur in most cases, except in the case of an incisional hernia, where usually complications arise as a result of having abdominal surgeries. Ones chances of acquiring hernia are very slim, but increases with time as one advances in age. Its occurrence is even seen most commonly in men than in women. Hernia can be present at birth (congenital) or developed in infants who have a general weakness or lack of strength in the abdominal wall. Any pressure or medical complication applied to the abdominal wall may lead to the occurrence of hernia. Some of these activities or pressures include….

  • Straining to urinate.
  • Abdominal fluid.
  • Lifting heavy loads.
  • Peritoneal dialysis.
  • Poor nutrition.
  • Physical exertion.
  • Being overweight or obese.
  • Enlarged prostate.
  • Persistent cough.
  • Cystic fibrosis.


Symptoms of Hernia

The pain and discomfort experienced is usually dependent on the type of hernia acquired or suffered by a patient. Umbilical, femoral, incisional and inguinal hernias posses’ symptoms such as;

  • Discomfort in the abdomen or groin when trying to lift a weighty item or in bending down.
  • An obvious bulge or swelling below the skin of the abdomen or groin area, which usually disappears as one lies down and may become soft and tender in the course of time.
  • A heavy feeling in the abdomen sometimes accompanied by constipation or bloody stools.

Hiatus hernia on the other hand is accompanied with symptoms which include:

  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Severe heartburn produced from Acid Reflux and stomach acid getting into the oesophagus.


Treatment for Hernia

The most probable thing one can do is to wait and be watchful or monitor the condition of hernia acquired before proceeding to finding possible solutions to solving it. But in the case of certain types of hernia such as femoral hernia, it can be risky. This is because within an interval of two years of a femoral hernia being diagnosed; 40-50% usually ends up in bowel strangulation. Treatment options available for treating hernia are mostly dependent on the individual’s circumstances well as the location of the hernia in question. Surgical operations performed to remove and repair hernia by actually pushing it back into the abdomen after having it bulging outwards is one effective treatment means of dealing with hernia. Most hernias especially the umbilical hernias, may take within four to five years in healing after surgery is performed, making the necessitation for the surgery a bit rather unnecessary.

But with all other hernias, the most preferred standard treatment is Conventional Hernia Repair Surgery commonly known as Herniorrhaphy. The main risk associated with one just monitoring a hernia developed is the possible case of strangulation and eventual infection leading to the possible death of affected tissues causing one to have intestinal perforations, shock and likelihood of death occurring.

Hernia surgery is usually performed under either local or general anesthesia. In performing this surgery, the surgeon repositions the tissue affected by the hernia and if possible signs of strangulation is noticed, a removal of the oxygen starved part of the organ is carried out. Damaged muscle wall will later undergo repair with newer tissue or synthetic mesh.

There are two main types of surgeries that can be performed to salvage ones hernia condition.

  1. Open surgery.
  2. Laparoscopic operation.


In an open surgery operation, open surgical repair closes the hernia with the aid of sutures, mesh or a combination of both, while the surgical wound undergoes closing with the use of staples or surgical glue.

Laparoscopic repair is used for repetitive operations in order to avoid previous scars. But this mode of treatment is usually very expensive, but is less likely to cause or bring along any complications such as infections.

Even though Hernia and its presence can be difficult in the life of one, its effect on relationships in general cannot be fully expressed if we do attempt in doing that. Most people who have their partners suffering from such ailment most usually prefer to avoid or walk out of such relationships owing to the discomfort experienced. For most people, it could be very embarrassing or even awkward having to be with someone in a relationship who has such a glaring and frightening ailment. Most important areas in a relationship become affected and lead the relationship into a state of indecisiveness.

Sexual intimacy for one, is done away with, including intimate moments of which to some people is considered very important and could either make or break a relationship. I will say that one’s partner becoming affected with this form of disease should never be a basis which may lead to the eventual break in the relationship. Hernia is curable and unlike other diseases, it can be quite effectively if one is up to the task in getting rid of such an ailment. Love, care, and unfailing support is what your partner needs! Not you abandoning and discarding them like they were infected with some incurable and highly contagious infection.

That’s not fair in any way. Let’s not be carried away and be quick in passing infinite judgments on people just because they may become ill or weak at some point in life. Hernia can affect any and everybody and it’s not really about whether one led his/her body into getting it in the first place. Diseases are bound to go and come, but they do not define who we are and what we are made of now do they? I don’t think so. Life still goes on if you ask me.

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Hernia was written By: Chantelle Iris Nunoo

One Response so far.

  1. priness says:

    I think the best initiative to take, is to have periodic check up and to treat it as fast as you can when you are being diagnosed.